Coronaviruses are a whole family with 40 species. These include the sars-cov virus, discovered in 2002, the Mers-сov virus, discovered in 2015 and 2019, found in 2019. At first, coronaviruses caused diseases in mammals and birds, but then something went wrong.
Why a corona?
The virus got this name after a more detailed examination of it under a microscope. It seemed to scientists that these protruding stamens resemble a crown. By the way, they serve to penetrate the cell.
Animals – the triggers
Initially, the target group of coronavirus was exclusively animals. But due to the unhealthy eating habits of some individuals, the virus appeared in the human body. In those cases when health was in a poor state, the virus began to mutate and adapt. Bats are the original source of the same SARS and Merc, but omnivorous Chinese could get the virus from any other animal.
The spread of the virus began with the market
The first case of the disease was detected at the end of 2019, from where the official name came from (2019-nCoV). One of the visitors to the Wuhan market, the largest market, including game meat, is considered a zero patient. It is unknown whether bats brought the virus to the market or whether it penetrated the meat of other animals earlier. Now research on the market is impossible because it was disinfected and closed after the disease’s outbreak.
Do I have a coronavirus?
The effect of coronavirus may vary depending on the patient’s initial state of health. Good immunity helps in the fight against Chinese infection. This is a very important issue because most of the dead are weakened, old people. They could die from the complications of any disease, but they died from the coronavirus. This is the main reason why you shouldn’t panic too much.
Nausea, cough, difficulty breathing, runny nose, fever are the main symptoms of coronavirus. They are similar to bronchitis, pneumonia, SARS, or the flu. They are also observed at 2019-nCoV. Complications can result in kidney failure. However, if you knocked out a strike from a combination of cough, shortness of breath and temperature, then the chance of becoming another sick with coronavirus increases.
How to avoid coronavirus?
Wash hands constantly: a soap or napkin is suitable. Avoid contact with people who have already shown any symptoms. Also, avoid contact with wild animals and livestock.
Protect the eyes. The virus has great chances of penetration through their mucous membrane. So, do not rub them with dirty hands.
Exclude all raw products of animal origin: meat, fish or eggs. Boil them and fry as well as possible.
Conspiracy theories about the virus occurrence
According to one popular conspiracy theological theory, the United States stands behind the spread of the virus in order to make a fuss around the world, while at that time they could calmly bomb Iran. According to another conspiracy theory, Bill Gates himself was behind the epidemic, some time ago he had invested in the study of coronaviruses and thus wished to reduce the human population.
There is a version according to which the United States brought a virus to China to undermine the economy of a growing competitor.
Finally, a completely crazy theory: the epidemic is the work of the Chinese themselves so that they use the obligation to bury the infected deeply and reliably, other than to sell their organs.
What measures have been taken to stop the virus?
The Chinese authorities decided to take serious measures almost immediately after the announcement of the epidemic. At first, the city of Wuhan was cut off from the whole world, closing all roads leading to the city, canceling all kinds of trains and planes. A couple of days later, a similar decision was made for the city next door – Huanggang. In total, Eighteen MILLION people were locked up in their cities without cafes, parks, cinemas, and other entertainment. In some other cities, train stations were closed or public transportation restricted.
In addition, preventive measures are underway for local residents, and the huge Beijing parade on the occasion of the Chinese New Year was canceled along with other events.
Coronavirus outside of China
Immediately after China, other Asian countries follow the list: Singapore, Thailand, Hong Kong, Japan, and Korea. The disease reached even Australia. Germany has the number of cases in Europe: 13 people. There are 12 cases in the United States, 7 in Canada and 5 in the United Arab Emirates. Italy, England, and even India remain with 3 sick individuals.
When will the coronavirus vaccine be made?
Scientists are doing their best, but the procedure for creating and testing new drugs is such that the vaccine is expected in a year only in the best conditions. By this time, the current outbreak is likely to pass.
But the vaccine is a means of prevention. While it doesn’t exist, doctors, in practice, find out how existing antiviral drugs act on patients. We also have some antiviral products in the assortment but we cannot confirm they are suitable to prevent coronavirus. This antiviral category includes the following meds:
In the coming weeks, doctors hope to understand what is the best way to treat at least those with Covid-19 in the most severe forms.
Protect respiratory organs
Among other means of prevention, face masks occupy a special place, thanks to which the spread of the virus is limited.
Medical masks for respiratory protection are used:
- when visiting crowded places, traveling by public transport during the period of increased incidence of acute respiratory viral infections;
- when caring for patients with acute respiratory viral infections;
- when communicating with people having the symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection;
- with the risks of infection transmitted by airborne droplets.
How to use a face mask correctly for coronavirus?
Face masks can have a different design. They can be disposable or can be used repeatedly. There are masks that serve 2, 4, 6 hours. The cost of these masks is different, due to different saturation. But you can’t wear the same mask all the time, so you can infect yourself twice.
It is extremely important to wear it correctly to protect yourself from infection:
- the mask should be carefully fixed, tightly covering the mouth and nose, without leaving gaps;
- try not to touch the surfaces of the mask when removing it, if you touch it, wash your hands thoroughly with soap or antiseptic;
- a wet or damp mask should be replaced with a new, dry;
- do not use a disposable mask again;
- The used disposable mask should be thrown away immediately.
When caring for the patient, the mask should be removed immediately after the end of contact with the sick person. After the mask off, wash your hands immediately and thoroughly.
The mask should be on if you are in a place of crowded people, in public transport, and also when caring for the sick, but it is not practical in the open air.
It is useful to breathe fresh air being outside without a mask.
However, doctors recall that this single measure does not provide complete protection against the disease. In addition to a mask, other preventive measures must be observed.
Posted by Riley Patterson